Illinois College of Optometry Logo
Search Button

Course Descriptions


Basic Vision Science Courses

These courses are concentrated in the first two years of the program and cover optics, ocular anatomy and physiology, visual perception, neuroanatomy, sensory aspects of vision, color vision, as well as human anatomy, immunology, and pharmacology.

BVS 106: Microscopic Anatomy

3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory/demonstration per week
The fundamental tissue types of the body will be discussed at the microscopic (cellular and subcellular) level. The location of these tissue types in the eye will be discussed, where applicable. Various organ systems formed by these tissues will then be discussed in detail. In the laboratories, students will review the tissues and organs discussed in lecture using computer images, photographs, textbooks, and light microscopic slides. Clinical applications will be presented throughout the course, where applicable. (4 credits)

BVS 107: Applied Ocular Anatomy

5 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course describes the gross and microscopic anatomy of the eye, adnexa, and extraocular muscles and their attachments, and reviews the orbit and its contents. Emphasis is placed on the laminar structure of the globe and its constituent elements including the cornea-sclera, uveal tract, retina, and lens, and upon the functional anatomy of the vitreous, anterior angle, and blood supply, as well as the innervation of the eyeball and its adnexa. The course is concluded with a description of ocular components. The laboratory is devoted to the use of the biomicroscope to observe elements of ocular anatomy as they are seen in clinical perspectives; it also includes illustrative demonstrations and models. The clinical relevance of the anatomy is supported by clinical examples throughout the course. (6 credits)

BVS 111 : Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology

3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course develops an appreciation for the basic principles of structure, function, and organization of the human nervous system. Topics include organization of the central nervous system, cerebral spinal fluid and meninges, histology of neurons and glia, neural development, degeneration, and regeneration, and basic principles of neurophysiology such as ionic mechanisms of membrane potential and action potential as well as synaptic transmission. This course also presents functional neuroanatomy. Structure and function of sensory systems and motor systems are included. Analyses of the visual system are emphasized. Case histories of representative neurological disorders are also presented. Laboratory examines the internal anatomy of the brain stem. (4 credits)

BVS 114: Human Anatomy

4 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course presents a detailed study of the head and neck region along with a review of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis of the human body. The clinical relevance of gross anatomical relationships is emphasized throughout the course. Laboratory sessions are designed to reinforce the anatomical relationships presented in lecture visually in three dimensions and include examination of human skeletons, human skulls, brain and its blood supply models, dural structures on paper models and demonstrated on sheep brains and other models. (5 credits)

BVS 116.1: Human Physiology and Pathology I

3 hours of lecture per week
This is a comprehensive course in general and systemic human physiology and pathology. Topics are presented in order to promote the understanding of physiologic principles that form the basis for normal bodily functions. The interaction between organ systems and their relationship to health and disease are also presented. This integration of normal physiology and pathologic processes will form the knowledge base for further study of pharmacology, clinical medicine and ocular disease. (3 credits)

BVS 116.2: Human Physiology and Pathology II

3 hours of lecture per week
This course is the second in the BVS 116 sequence. (3 credits)

BVS 116.3: Human Physiology and Pathology III

4 hours of lecture per week
This course is the third in the BVS 116 sequence. (4 credits)

BVS 120.1: Geometric and Theoretical Optics I

4 hours of lecture, four 2-hour workshops per quarter
Students develop a basic understanding of vergence, refraction, and reflection in Geometric and Theoretical Optics. The course concerns itself with the basic study of refraction at plane and curved surfaces, thin lenses, prisms, single refraction surfaces, and single refracting surface systems. Recitation sessions and workshops will be held prior to examinations. This course requires an elementary knowledge base of algebra, trigonometry, and a judgmental mathematical background. (4.5 credits)

BVS 120.2: Geometric and Theoretical Optics II

3 hours of lecture per week
This course is the second in the BVS 120 sequence. (3 credits)

BVS 140.1: Vision Science I

4 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course is the first in a series of courses in physiological optics that explore how humans perceive their visual world. In this course, students will be introduced to the practical application of the physics of light and the techniques of visual psychophysics. Following an understanding of this basic material, students will be ready to explore how the retina controls our ability to light and dark adapt as well as detect contrast. We will explore how the physiology and neural connections of the retina determine some of our basic perceptions. The clinical relevance of these topics will be stressed such as infant/toddler vision testing, lighting applications, automated perimetry, wavefront technology, and more. (5 credits)

BHS 140.2: Vision Science II

4 hours of lecture, 1 hour of laboratory per week
In this course, we extend our investigation into how the structures beyond the retina contribute to our visual perceptions. We will focus initially on our ability to resolve fine detail and the two factors that potentially limit our acuity; optical quality of the eye and the density of foveal cones. We will determine how the quality of the eye’s optics are evaluated using traditional methods along with newer methods involving wavefront technology. We will then explore how the eye and brain work together to perceive not just fine detail, but objects and scenes in everyday life. We will discuss in depth the ability of the visual system to not only perceive motion, but to determine whether the source of motion is from self-movement or from an object in motion. An understanding of how objects and scenes are visually perceived will involve an investigation into the role of the primary visual cortex (V1) as well as the neural structures beyond. We will also investigate many classes of visual illusions since an understanding of how visual perceptions go awry not only illuminates aspects of normal visual processing but vividly demonstrates how our visual perceptions are educated guesses about what is “out there” in our visual field. (4.5 credits)

BVS 150.1: Biochemistry I

4 hours of lecture per week
An introduction to biochemistry with particular emphasis on clinical applications. Topics in the first course in this two-course sequence may include nutrition, cellular biology, and biochemistry of tears, conjunctiva, and cornea with special emphasis on the structure and functions of proteins and enzymes as well as metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids. Case studies and journal articles will be used to demonstrate the useful applications of these principles to health-related issues. (4 credits)

BVS 150.2: Biochemistry II

4 hours of lecture per week
Topics in the second course in this two-course sequence may include more metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids and molecular biology, all with a special emphasis on ocular importance. Additionally, we will discuss the biochemical importance of the liver and other specialized tissue. Case studies will be used to demonstrate the useful applications of these principles to health-related issues. (4 credits)

OCD 212: Ocular Physiology

3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course covers the general processes of ocular physiology- the functions, properties, and activities of the human eye. This course will delve into basic clinical considerations and pave the way for more complex disease diagnosis and management in the later ocular disease sequence. Topics include: systemic hypertension, ocular adnexa, lacrimal apparatus, conjunctiva, cornea, lens, ocular fluid dynamics and the regulation of intraocular pressure, pupil dynamics, uveal tract, vitreous humor, optic nerve, and retinal physiology. (4 credits)

BVS 222: Theoretical and Physical Optics

2 hours of lecture per week
This course examines the many facets of physical optics. Unlike geometrical optics, physical optics considers everyday occurrences of light and its interaction with the environment. The course will study general wave theory, electromagnetic waves, interference, diffraction, scattering, polarization, photons, emission, laser and holography. (2 credits)

BVS 243: Binocular Vision

2 hours of lecture, 1 hour of laboratory per week
Studies of binocularity, including discussion of the horopter, stereopsis and fusion, rivalry and aniseikonia are presented. Laboratory sessions will present basic concepts of binocular vision (2.5 credits)

BVS 244: Ocular Motility

2 hours of lecture, 1 hour of laboratory per week
This course examines the anatomy, physiology, and function of the ocular motor system. Neurology of eye movements is also presented including the pathophysiology of neuro-ophthalmic disorders. The biophysics and kinematics of all functional classes of human eye movements are discussed, both normal and abnormal clinical characteristics, including etiology, signs, symptoms, differential diagnosis, and treatment strategies. Laboratory sessions present evidence-based clinical techniques for testing ocular motility and include student presentations of innovative techniques, research articles, and unique case studies. (2.5 credits)

BVS 245: Developmental Vision and Neurobiology & Color Vision

1 hour of lecture per week
This course discusses the development of vision such as the changing structures and functions as the organism matures in the first half. Emphasis is placed on the role of normal and abnormal environmental factors for the development of the visual pathway. (1 credit)

BVS 254.1: General Pharmacology

4 hours of lecture per week
This is the first course in a three quarter sequence devoted to General and Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. In this course we will present the principles and practice of the science of pharmacology. Quantitative and qualitative aspects of basic pharmacodynamics and drug/patient related variables will be introduced followed by the pharmacology of individual agents in each drug class. Topics include autonomic nervous system agents, central nervous system agents, and cardiovascular drugs (4 credits)

BVS 254.2: General and Ocular Pharmacology

4 hours of lecture per week
In this second quarter of pharmacology we present the pharmacology and toxicology of the individual agents in the remaining major drug class. Topics include; anti-coagulants, anti-hyperlipidemics, central nervous system agents, anesthetics, anti-infective agents, hormones and hormone antagonists, and drugs used in the treatment of pain. During the second half of the quarter we will begin discussing the specifics of ocular pharmacology beginning with the principles of ocular drug administration, and ocular pharmacokinetics and ending with the mydriatics and cycloplegics. (4 credits)

BVS 256: Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics

4 hours of lecture per week
This course is the culmination of your pharmacology series and presents the clinical pharmacology of ocular diagnostic and therapeutic agents. Specific topics include: local anesthetics, control of ocular pain, anti-infective agents, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory agents. Adverse systemic reactions caused by ocular agents and adverse ocular reactions caused by systemic agents will also be presented. Ocular therapeutic principles, sources of drug information, new drug development, drug regulations and prescription writing will finish the course material. (4 credits)

OCD 261: Physical Diagnosis

1 hour of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
As primary health care providers, today’s Optometrists are continuously faced with patients who present with systemic illnesses, with or without ocular manifestations. It is necessary for the Optometrist to have a working knowledge of systemic diseases and their presentations, as well as their relationship to ocular pathology. With this in mind, this laboratory course focuses on developing the physical examination techniques and interviewing skills, which are needed to supplement the ocular diagnostic exam in the management of these patients. (2 credits)

OCD 263.1: Ocular Disease I

3 hours of lecture per week
Students will study the multidimensional aspects of ocular disease, such as the anatomical, histological, pathological, and physiological basis of disease processes. Lectures are presented based on specific areas of ocular anatomy, including: the orbit, eyelids, lacrimal apparatus, sclera and episclera, cornea, iris and crystalline lens. The learning experiences will provide an understanding of mechanisms and patho-physiological relationships of ocular disease as well as ocular manifestations of systemic disease. (3 credits)

OCD 263.2: Ocular Disease II

2 hours of lecture per week
This first course covers the pathophysiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and initial treatment aspects of the glaucomas. In addition, the topics of automated perimetry and optical coherence tomography are included. This is an introductory course designed to get the student clinician the basic skills required to see patients with this ocular disease. Content is directed towards primary open angle glaucoma, ocular hypertension, and normal tension glaucoma. The concept of structure/function relationships is introduced. Emphasis is also placed on the decision making process for initiation of treatment. Glaucoma medications are reviewed from a clinical perspective only. The principles of visual fields and automated perimetry and optical coherence tomography are reviewed with a concentration on the interpretation and analysis of printouts of tests for glaucoma patients. (2 credits)

BVS 266: Microbiology

1 hour of lecture per week
Microbiology is designed to provide a basic introduction to pathogenic microbiology. The course reviews the major pathogens of human disease, the processes by which these pathogens grow, reproduce, and cause disease, and how these pathogens are identified. Viral, bacterial, and eukaryotic pathogens are discussed. In addition, the impact of infectious disease on public health is also discussed with emphasis on current trends and resources. (1 credit)

OCD 360.1: Clinical Medicine

2 hours of lecture per week
This course will provide students with a basic understanding of the more prevalent systemic disorders and their clinical presentations. Nomenclature, pathophysiology, and basic clinical signs and symptoms will be presented along with current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Special attention will be given to the counseling and education of those patients choosing to discuss or solicit advice from the optometric primary care provider. (2 credits)

OCD 360.2: Clinical Medicine II

2 hours of lecture per week
This course is the second in the OCD 360 sequence. (2 credits)

BHS 363.1: Ocular Disease III

4 hours of lecture, 2 hours of recitation per week
This course is a comprehensive overview of the common (and some less common) disorders affecting the posterior segment of the eye that may present in clinical practice. The topics include: ophthalmic ultrasonography, ocular coherence tomography, ocular fluorescein angiography, posterior segment inflammatory disease, diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive disease, venous occlusive disease, proliferative retinopathies, hereditary retinal disease, acquired macular vitreoretinal disorders, peripheral retinal diseases / degenerations, the phakomatoses, developmental vitreoretinal disorders, congenital optic nerve disorders, and ocular oncology. Pathophysiology of these topics will be covered. The clinical presentation, evaluation, and the management of these conditions will be emphasized. (5 credits)

OCD 363.2: Ocular Disease IV

3 hours of lecture per week 
The topics covered in this section of the ocular disease sequence will be pre and post operative cataract care, anterior segment infections, ocular allergic disease, uveitis and other immune disorders. The major emphasis will be upon the clinical presentation, evaluation, and management of these conditions. Pathophysiology of these diseases will also be included. (3 credits)

OCD 363.3: Ocular Disease V

1 hour of lecture per week
This course is a continuation of BHS 263.2. It will emphasize treatment and management concepts for a more advanced approach to patients with open angle glaucoma as well as introducing secondary forms of glaucoma. The concept of structure and function will be further explored. New topics include: angle closure glaucomas, key glaucoma randomized clinical trials, pigmentary, exfoliative, uveitic, traumatic, neovascular and other secondary glaucomas. (1 credit)

OCD 363.4: General and Ocular Emergencies

2 hours of lecture per week
This course presents commonly encountered medical and ocular emergencies. The initial lectures cover medical situations, which may be encountered in any clinical or nonclinical setting. These include sudden death, shock, airway obstruction, syncope, myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, headache, seizure disorders, dizziness and vertigo, anaphylaxis, asthma and emphysema, hyperventilation, diabetic emergencies, and minor trauma. Assessment and management of these disorders will be highlighted. The remaining majority of lectures then discuss emergency protocol as well as diagnosis and management of common ocular urgencies and emergencies. Topics include blunt trauma, penetrating trauma, anterior segment and corneal disease, red eye, foreign bodies, acute glaucoma, posterior segment and retinal disease, sudden vision loss, and ophthalmic manifestations of systemic disease. (2 credits)

OCD 364: Neuro-Ophthalmic Disorders

3 hours of lecture per week
Neuro-ophthalmic Disorders is a comprehensive review of common and compelling neuro-ophthalmic disorders encountered in clinical practice. The goals are: To provide ophthalmic practitioners with the appropriate knowledge and case examples of common neuro-ophthalmic disorders encountered within the clinical practice of optometry and ophthalmology. To provide the ophthalmic practitioner with the appropriate knowledge base so as to assume minimal competency related to patients presenting with neuro-ophthalmic problems. To provide the ophthalmic practitioner with the appropriate training pursuant to the utilization of appropriate diagnostic studies pursuant to the evaluation of patients with neuro-ophthalmic disorders (e.g. neuroimaging (CT, MRI), retino-choroidal angiography, echography, etc.). To establish an understanding of case management strategies related to neuro-ophthalmic disorders. (3 credits)

OCD 366: Injections for the Optometrist

0.5 hours of lecture, 0.5 hours of laboratory per week
Injections for the Optometrist is a comprehensive overview of injection procedures for optometric practice; including injectable medications, side effects, complications and patient education. Additionally, OSHA guidelines are highlighted as well as the necessary instruments and supplies needed to perform injectable procedures. Video presentations will demonstrate basic skills for injections as well as showing individual injection techniques. Covered procedures will include intravenous, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intradermal, subconjunctival and intralesional injections. (1 credit)

OCD 369: Ophthalmic Lasers

2 hours of lecture, 0.5 hours of laboratory per week
This course will review in a classroom and laboratory setting the use of refractive and medical lasers. There are currently three states (Oklahoma, Kentucky & Louisiana) where the use of certain anterior segment lasers is within the scope of optometric practice. Optometrists play a critical role in pre- and post-operative management to ensure a successful refractive surgery outcome. This course will review pre-operative testing, indications and contraindications, procedures, and post-operative care of the refractive surgery patient. It will provide hands-on experience with the lasers themselves through a workshop in conjunction with doctors and staff from TLC Laser Eye Centers. In addition, the course will review medical lasers used for anterior segment procedures such as YAG capsulotomy, laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI), selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT), and argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT). Since gonioscopy skills are vital to the performance of some of these laser procedures, both the technique itself and the interpretation and documentation of the structures will be reviewed in lecture and lab. There will also be laboratory time devoted to hands-on use of YAG and argon lasers. (1 credit)

BVS 390: Evidenced-Based Health Care

2 hours of lecture per week
This course will build the students’ ability to educate their patients and their communities and to use the literature in evaluating and planning treatment for clinical cases that they will encounter as optometrists. The students will become acquainted with the many aspects of public health, including what public health is and what are the core functions of public health. An overview of how public health is measured and mechanisms to access the information will be covered. In addition, a review of research types will be presented to aid the student in reading some of the scientific literature. One of the objectives of this course for the optometry student is to provide a framework for their professional lives to educate themselves and their patients and the public on health issues. Lastly, it will increase their ability to use the relevant literature in planning research projects, by analyzing research design and the effectiveness of a chosen treatment paradigm. (1 credit)

Clinical Education Courses

ICO’s clinical program is designed to develop clinical and interpersonal skills beginning in the lecture-laboratory setting and progressing to a one-to-one relationship between student and patient. As you advance through the professional program, patient contact increases. During the first two years of study, students receive clinical training designed to acclimate them to the patient care environment. Initial experiences in the Community Screening Program, the Fait Family Eyewear Center and the Patient Advocate Program provide a foundation for direct patient care in primary eye care. The second and third year programs more fully integrate students into direct patient care activities. The fourth year is devoted to patient care as a full-time activity.

Clinical rotations at the Illinois Eye Institute and at more than 150 affiliated clinical sites located throughout the United States provide the volume and variety of patient care experiences needed for the development of a well-rounded clinician. Rotations in Primary Eye Care as well as the optometric specialty services offer students experience in pediatric optometry, binocular vision, low vision rehabilitation, contact lenses, emergency care and ocular disease.

Chicago Vision Outreach, ICO’s community-based education program, augments the clinical experience achieved at the Illinois Eye Institute and, in addition, exposes students to a wide variety of health care delivery systems. At these sites, students may function as part of a multidisciplinary health care delivery team. Experience in these varied settings helps develop a primary care optometrist capable of functioning in all types of clinical environments.

POP 162.1: Introduction to Optometric Procedures

2 hour of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This one credit hour course introduces the first year optometry student to the comprehensive eye examination with a focus on the important clinical skill of patient interviewing. This course also introduces the student to the concepts of database and problem-related testing. In this regard, the course emphasizes the case history and its relationship to test selection in a problem-oriented optometric exam sequence. Finally, this course includes the topics of professional behavior and medical ethics as they pertain to the case history and test selection. This is the first of a six-course sequence that prepares students for their initial patient care experiences within the Illinois Eye Institute. The course sequence is cumulative, and each course in the series presumes a grasp of the topics and skills presented in the previous courses. The concepts presented here form a foundation or each student’s clinical education, as well as his/her future career in optometry. (3 credits)

CLE 162.2: Optometry 1.2

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This three credit hour course introduces the first year student to fundamental clinical techniques used in the optometric examination. Proficiency will be developed in visual acuity measurement, entrance testing, lensometry, retinoscopy, and direct ophthalmoscopy. The student will also develop data analysis and interpretation skills. This course will build upon skills learned in Introduction to Optometric Procedures (CLE 162.1). This is the second of a six-course sequence that prepares students for their initial patient care experiences within the Illinois Eye Institute. The course sequence is cumulative, and each course in the series presumes a grasp of the topics and skills presented in the previous courses. The concepts presented here form a foundation or each student’s clinical education, as well as his/her future career in optometry. (3 credits)

POP 162.3: Optometry 1.3

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
Optometry 1.3 is the third course in a series of six courses during the first two years of the professional program. This course builds upon the clinical skills acquired during the first two quarters of the first professional year and is designed to prepare the student for initial clinical interactions within the Illinois Eye Institute. Optometry 1.3 continues to focus attention on the acquisition of new technical skills by introducing the fundamental clinical techniques that are part of a refraction sequence. Lecture topics include: Ophthalmometry (keratometry), static streak retinoscopy, manifest refraction (short subjective/monocular subjective refraction), ocular dominance and binocular balance (accommodation balance), duochrome balance (red-green, bichrome balance), refraction analysis, and spectacle prescription guidelines. This course concludes with basic spectacle prescription guidelines for myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia. At the end of this course, a student will be able to complete a refractive sequence on a patient and formulate a spectacle correction suggestion. (3 credits)

BVS 170: Visual & Physical Optics

3 hours of lecture per week
This course explores the optics of the human visual system. Building from the solid foundation developed in Geometrical and Theoretical Optics, this course will “stretch” those key concepts to demonstrate their application to clinical optometry. You will gain an understanding of refractive error and correction, as well as the benefits and limitations of the human eye as an optical system. Emphasizing concepts from both wave theory and particle theory, this course will also address the optics behind diffraction, interference, polarization, absorption, and the impact of electromagnetic radiation on the eye.

CLE 180: Patient Advocate Program

2 hours of contact per week for 2 quarters
The Patient Advocate Program gives first-year students and opportunity to examine patients in the Illinois Eye Institute’s Primary Eye Care Service. Students often work in pairs with their attending faculty member to provide patient care. First years will put into practice the examination skills they’ve started learning in the didactic curriculum. (1 credit)

POP 262.1: Optometry 2.1

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
POP 262.1 is the fourth course in the optometry series. The primary purpose of the sequence is to prepare students for their clinical experiences within the Illinois Eye Institute. Optometry 2.1 introduces fundamental clinical techniques that are part of a near visual system analysis. Lecture topics include assessment of the binocular visual system and the accommodative system. The course continues to focus attention on the acquisition of new technical skills but also emphasizes the integration of these skills into an examination sequence. The normative values for database tests will be presented as well as the indications for pursuing problem-related testing. Assessment and diagnosis will be reviewed. (3 credits)

POP 262.2: Optometry 2.2

2.5 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course introduces second year optometry students to the clinical examination techniques necessary to complete the ocular health portion of a comprehensive eye examination. The specific skills learned in Optometry 2.2 include slit lamp biomicroscopy, tonometry, binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, biomicroscopic indirect ophthalmoscopy, and gonioscopy. The primary goal of this course is to continue preparing students for entry-level patient care in primary care environments.

POP 262.3: Optometry Seminar

2 hour of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course reviews and enhances the clinical skills of the second year student, emphasizing synthesis of the clinical techniques presented throughout the Optometry courses (CLE162.1-262.2) in order to provide final preparation for entering clinical rotations at the Illinois Eye Institute. This course is cumulative and knowledge learned throughout the Optometry sequence is necessary. The laboratory portion of this course will provide an opportunity for the student to review, synthesize and expand on knowledge and skills with faculty supervision and feedback. (3 credits)

SOP 262.4: Introduction to Binocular Anomalies

1 hour of lecture per week
This course introduces and expands on the common forms of analysis for non-strabismic binocular vision disorders used in an optometric examination. Topics to be covered include Integrative Analysis, Graphical Analysis, Morgan’s and OEP Analysis, Near Point Stress and Control Systems Analysis, and Percival’s and Sheard’s Criteria. Discussion of alternative binocular techniques for the clinical management of refractive errors will be included. Mastery of case analysis will be encouraged with application to commonly encountered clinical scenarios. (1 credit)

POP 270.1: Ophthalmic Optics I

3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course is the first of two, which considers the optics of optical equipment, the optics of ophthalmic lenses, and the relationship between ophthalmic lenses and the eye. Mathematical concepts regarding optical equipment, lens thickness, sagitta, prism power, decentration, lens characteristics and attributes, and basic mutifocal powered lenses will be discussed. The common theme will be to take the above topics and relate them to clinical practice, optical quality, ophthalmic lens considerations, and aberrations. Clinical correlations to prescribing for patients will be discussed as to theory and practical use of ophthalmic lenses. The laboratory work consists of ophthalmic lens usage and frame measurements. Ophthalmic lens dispensing skills will be developed in the laboratory as well as frame adjusting and lens insertion and removal from various types of frames. The laboratory is designed as a practical setting for the application of techniques in lens selection, frame selection and the delivery of these materials to a clinical patient with an emphasis on the ophthalmic materials meeting the patient’s visual needs. (4 credits)

POP 270.2: Ophthalmic Optics II

3 hours of lecture per week
This course is the second of two in the study of the optics of ophthalmic lenses and the application of ophthalmic materials. Mathematical concepts regarding progressive addition lenses, the correction of anisometropia, contact lens optics, and low vision optics, will be demonstrated and discussed. In addition, protection from radiation injury, lens reflection, and specialty lenses will be addressed. (3 credits)

PCE 280.1: Patient Care Program

2 hours of contact per week for 3 quarters
This clinical program for second-year students is a continuation of the Patient Advocate Program (CLE 180). Students are now able to work more independently with their attending faculty member to examine patients in Illinois Eye Institute’s Primary Eye Care Service. Near the end of second year, students will be able to complete all the steps of a comprehensive eye examination. (1 credit for first quarter, 2 credits for second quarter, 3 credits for third quarter)

SOP 365.1: Contact Lenses I

4 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week 
About 122 million people worldwide use contact lenses as their primary means of vision correction. This course will teach you how to prescribe the most commonly used types of contact lenses. Entry-level information will be provided via lecture and abbreviated laboratory venues and through independent learning. The goal of the course is to make the student familiar with the prescription and management of soft and rigid contact lenses for the correction of myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, presbyopia, and therapeutics. Practice management techniques related to contact lenses care will be included in this patient orientated course. (5 credits)

SOP 365.2: Contact Lenses II

2 hours of lecture, 2 hour of laboratory per week
The second course in contact lenses emphasizes the application of specialty lens modalities. This course reviews indications, care, handling, approaches to fitting, and availability of designs and parameters in specialty lenses. Subject matter includes applications for myopia control, high ametropia, and irregular corneas. Designs discussed include specialty corneal, limbial, and sclera GP lenses, hybrid lenses, and specialty soft lenses. The laboratory will provide hands-on fittings of a variety of lens designs, allowing students the opportunity to review riper handling and evaluation techniques unique to specialty lenses. A large, hands-on evaluation session is also planned so that students may interact with several patients wearing a variety of different specialty lenses. (3 credits)

SOP 367: Vision Rehabilitation

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This is an entry level course, which presents the fundamental knowledge of clinical low vision care and rehabilitation necessary to perform basic low vision examinations during the fourth year clinical rotation, and in a practice setting after graduation. Clinical examination techniques, optics of low vision devices, applications of low vision devices, low vision training, rehabilitative and psychosocial aspects of low vision care, and low vision treatment associated with specific disease processes will be covered. (3 credits)

SOP 375: Binocular Vision Disorders

2 hours of lecture, 3 hours of laboratory per week
This course covers treatment strategies and patient management for non-strabismic binocular disorders. A problem-oriented approach is used to present treatment procedures for oculomotor, accommodative, sensory, and vergence problems. Students will learn how lenses, prisms, and vision therapy are used to alleviate symptoms. The laboratory covers common visual theraphy techniques for the treatment of these visual efficiency disorders. (3.5 credits)

SOP 376.1: Strabismus and Amblyopia I

3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course emphasizes the detection, measurement, classification, and etiology of strabismus and amblyopia. An organized approach to a comprehensive evaluation is presented and includes the assessment of associated anomalies such as eccentric fixation, suppression, anomalous correspondence, and nonconcomitancy. The laboratory portion of the course is designed to familiarize students with testing procedures and includes diagnostic examination of patients manifesting such conditions. (4 credits)

SOP 376.2: Strabismus and Amblyopia II

3 hours of lecture per week
This course presents theoretical and clinical considerations in the management of common forms of strabismus and amblyopia including the rationale and methods for using lenses, prisms, occlusion, vision therapy, medication, and surgery. Students will learn specific strategies for the treatment of strabismus, amblyopia, and associated anomalies including eccentric fixation and anomalous correspondence. Students will also analyze individual patients’ cases, particularly their therapeutic programs.

SOP 379: Infant & Child Development and Management

2 hours of lecture, 3 hours of laboratory per week
This course emphasizes the diagnosis and management of children at risk for developing ocular, visual, vision and learning, and/or visual perceptual abnormalities that adversely affect the individual’s quality of life. This at risk population includes infants, toddlers, pre-school, and school-aged populations. Optometric and Visual Information Processing assessment strategies will be presented using lectures, Internet access, and case based learning. (3 credits)

PCE 380.2: Patient Care

9 hours of contact per week
This course continues the development of Primary Eyecare clinical techniques and skills following the optometry curriculum. Students are enrolled in this course throughout the entire third year. The diagnosis and management of related eye disorders, including refractive, functional and ocular disease within a patient care setting will be emphasized. Rotations in the Eyewear Center and the Community Screening Program are also included. Seminars and clinical laboratories will help to incorporate advanced diagnostic and therapeutic clinical techniques and topics into the student clinician’s experience. This experience is designed to enable students to refine their diagnostic, therapeutic and communication skills, through interaction with a diverse patient population. (6 credits)

PME 391: The Business of Optometry

2 hours of lecture per week
This course is designed to introduce you to the business side of the practice of Optometry. It is somewhat of a “how to” course to help you plan for the future. Experts from the fields of management, planning, law and finance will join faculty members in presenting information that will help you develop a strategy for your professional future. (2 credits)

CLE 403: Independent Study

This course series is designed to provide an exercise in professional level clinical case study and research. The student will learn the basics of researching a topic, analyzing the information gained, and writing a summary of the conclusions. CLE 403 is the graded component for the Independent Study. The Independent Study Course is designed to supplement many skills developed in other courses and clinical rotations, such as the critical review or research articles, research design and interpretation, statistics, etc. Conferences in various clinical areas require students to gather information on relevant topics and present this information to their colleagues for discussion and critique. A logical step in the process of personal educational development is the writing of a paper setting forth one’s own ideas on a research topic. (3 credits)

CLE 480/485 series: Primary Eye Care and Specialty Rotations

32-40 hours of contact per week
The fourth year patient care sequence builds upon the previous Primary Eye Care experience by incorporating advanced diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. Students obtain experience in all aspects of optometric care, including advanced ophthalmic care, pediatric optometry and binocular vision, low vision rehabilitation and cornea and contact lenses, during externship rotations at the Illinois Eye Institute and the college’s 150+ affiliated clinical sites located throughout the United States as well as in Canada, Australia, China and the United Arab Emirates. During the fourth year, students must earn a total of 80 credits in clinical rotations, with a distribution of 35 credits in Primary Eye Care, 10 credits in Advanced Ophthalmic Care, 10 credits in Cornea/Contact Lenses, 10 credits in Pediatrics/Binocular Vision and 5 credits in Low Vision Rehabilitation. The remaining 10 hours may be fulfilled in any of these areas. Students are required to complete at least two external rotations, but most elect to fulfill the requirements through three external rotations and one at the IEI. Many of the rotations offer weekly conferences and seminars to supplement the patient care experience. (20 credits)