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Course Catalog

BASIC VISION SCIENCE COURSES

These courses are concentrated in the first two years of the program and cover optics, ocular anatomy and physiology, visual perception, neuroanatomy, sensory aspects of vision, color vision, as well as human anatomy, immunology, and pharmacology.

BVS 106: Microscopic Anatomy

3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory/demonstration per week 
The fundamental tissue types of the body will be discussed at the microscopic (cellular and subcellular) level. The location of these tissue types in the eye will be discussed, where applicable. Various organ systems formed by these tissues will then be discussed in detail. In the laboratories, students will review the tissues and organs discussed in lecture using computer images, photographs, textbooks, and light microscopic slides. Clinical applications will be presented throughout the course, where applicable. (4 credits)

 

BVS 107: Applied Ocular Anatomy

5 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week 
This course describes the gross and microscopic anatomy of the eye, adnexa, and extraocular muscles and their attachments, and reviews the orbit and its contents. Emphasis is placed on the laminar structure of the globe and its constituent elements including the cornea-sclera, uveal tract, retina, and lens, and upon the functional anatomy of the vitreous, anterior angle, and blood supply, as well as the innervation of the eyeball and its adnexa. The course is concluded with a description of ocular components. The laboratory is devoted to the use of the biomicroscope to observe elements of ocular anatomy as they are seen in clinical perspectives; it also includes illustrative demonstrations and models. The clinical relevance of the anatomy is supported by clinical examples throughout the course. (6 credits)

BVS 111 : Neuroanatomy And Neurophysiology

3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week 
This course develops an appreciation for the basic principles of structure, function, and organization of the human nervous system. Topics include organization of the central nervous system, cerebral spinal fluid and meninges, histology of neurons and glia, neural development, degeneration, and regeneration, and basic principles of neurophysiology such as ionic mechanisms of membrane potential and action potential as well as synaptic transmission. This course also presents functional neuroanatomy. Structure and function of sensory systems and motor systems are included. Analyses of the visual system are emphasized. Case histories of representative neurological disorders are also presented. Laboratory examines the internal anatomy of the brain and brain stem. (4 credits)

BVS 113: Human Anatomy

3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week 
This course presents a detailed study of the head and neck region along with a review of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis of the human body. The clinical relevance of gross anatomical relationships is emphasized throughout the course. Laboratory sessions are designed to reinforce the anatomical relationships presented in lecture visually in three dimensions and include examination of human skeletons, human skulls, brain and its blood supply models, dural structures on paper models and demonstrated on sheep brains and other models. (4 credits)

BVS 116.1: Human Physiology And Pathology I

4 hours of lecture per week
This is a comprehensive course in general and systemic human physiology and pathology. Topics are presented in order to promote the understanding of physiologic principles that form the basis for normal bodily functions. The interaction between organ systems and their relationship to health and disease are also presented. This integration of normal physiology and pathologic processes will form the knowledge base for further study of pharmacology, clinical medicine and ocular disease. (4 credits)

BVS 116.2: Human Physiology And Pathology II

2 hours of lecture per week 
This course is the second in the BVS 116 sequence. (2 credits)

BVS 116.3: Human Physiology And Pathology III

4 hours of lecture per week
This course is the third in the BVS 116 sequence. (4 credits)

BVS 120.1: Geometric And Theoretical Optics I

4 hours of lecture, four 2-hour workshops per quarter
Students develop a basic understanding of vergence, refraction, and reflection in Geometric and Theoretical Optics. The course concerns itself with the basic study of refraction at plane and curved surfaces, thin lenses, prisms, single refraction surfaces, and single refracting surface systems. Recitation sessions and workshops will be held prior to examinations. This course requires an elementary knowledge base of algebra, trigonometry, and a judgmental mathematical background. (4.5 credits)

BVS 120.2: Geometric And Theoretical Optics II

3 hours of lecture per week
This course is the second in the BVS 120 sequence. (3 credits)

BVS 140.1: Vision Science I

4 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course is the first in a series of courses in physiological optics that explore how humans perceive their visual world. In this course, students will be introduced to the practical application of the physics of light and the techniques of visual psychophysics. Following an understanding of this basic material, students will be ready to explore how the retina controls our ability to light and dark adapt as well as detect contrast. We will explore how the physiology and neural connections of the retina determine some of our basic perceptions. The clinical relevance of these topics will be stressed such as infant/toddler vision testing, lighting applications, automated perimetry, wavefront technology, and more. (5 credits)

BVS 150.1: Biochemistry I

4 hours of lecture per week
An introduction to biochemistry with particular emphasis on clinical applications. Topics in the first course in this two-course sequence may include nutrition, cellular biology, and biochemistry of tears, conjunctiva, and cornea with special emphasis on the structure and functions of proteins and enzymes as well as metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids. Case studies and journal articles will be used to demonstrate the useful applications of these principles to health-related issues. (4 credits)

BVS 150.2: Biochemistry II

4 hours of lecture per week
Topics in the second course in this two-course sequence may include more metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids and molecular biology, all with a special emphasis on ocular importance. Additionally, we will discuss the biochemical importance of the liver and other specialized tissue. Case studies will be used to demonstrate the useful applications of these principles to health-related issues. (4 credits)

BVS 170: Visual & Physical Optics

4 hours of lecture per week 
This course explores the optics of the human visual system. Building from the solid foundation developed in Geometrical and Theoretical Optics, this course will “stretch” those key concepts to demonstrate their application to clinical optometry. You will gain an understanding of refractive error and correction, as well as the benefits and limitations of the human eye as an optical system. Emphasizing concepts from both wave theory and particle theory, this course will also address the optics behind diffraction, interference, polarization, absorption, and the impact of electromagnetic radiation on the eye. (4 credits)

BVS 240.2: Vision Science II

4 hours of lecture, 1 hour of laboratory per week 
In this course, we extend our investigation into how the structures beyond the retina contribute to our visual perceptions. We will focus initially on our ability to resolve fine detail and the two factors that potentially limit our acuity; optical quality of the eye and the density of foveal cones. We will determine how the quality of the eye’s optics are evaluated using traditional methods along with newer methods involving wavefront technology. We will then explore how the eye and brain work together to perceive not just fine detail, but objects and scenes in everyday life. We will discuss in depth the ability of the visual system to not only perceive motion, but to determine whether the source of motion is from self-movement or from an object in motion. An understanding of how objects and scenes are visually perceived will involve an investigation into the role of the primary visual cortex (V1) as well as the neural structures beyond. We will also investigate many classes of visual illusions since an understanding of how visual perceptions go awry not only illuminates aspects of normal visual processing but vividly demonstrates how our visual perceptions are educated guesses about what is “out there” in our visual field. (4.5 credits)

BVS 243: Binocular Vision

2 hours of lecture, 1 hour of laboratory per week
Studies of binocularity, including discussion of the horopter, stereopsis and fusion, rivalry and aniseikonia are presented. Laboratory sessions will present basic concepts of binocular vision (2.5 credits)

BVS 244: Ocular Motility

2 hours of lecture, 1 hour of laboratory per week 
This course examines the anatomy, physiology, and function of the ocular motor system. Neurology of eye movements is also presented including the pathophysiology of neuro-ophthalmic disorders. The biophysics and kinematics of all functional classes of human eye movements are discussed, both normal and abnormal clinical characteristics, including etiology, signs, symptoms, differential diagnosis, and treatment strategies. Laboratory sessions present evidence-based clinical techniques for testing ocular motility and include student presentations of innovative techniques, research articles, and unique case studies. (2.5 credits)

BVS 245: Developmental Vision And Neurobiology

1 hour of lecture per week
This course discusses the development of vision such as the changing structures and functions as the organism matures in the first half. Emphasis is placed on the role of normal and abnormal environmental factors for the development of the visual pathway. (1 credit)

BVS 249: Color Vision

1 hour of lecture per week
The physiological and psychological basis of color vision will be presented including: color mixing, color properties and theory/ neuroanatomy responsible for color vision perception. Clinical assessment and case management of acquired and congenital color vision deficiencies will be discussed. This course discusses the development of vision such as the changing structures and functions as the organism matures in the first half. Emphasis is placed on the role of normal and abnormal environmental factors for the development of the visual pathway. (1 credit)

BVS 254.1: General Pharmacology

4 hours of lecture per week
This is the first course in a three quarter sequence devoted to General and Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. In this course we will present the principles and practice of the science of pharmacology. Quantitative and qualitative aspects of basic pharmacodynamics and drug/patient related variables will be introduced followed by the pharmacology of individual agents in each drug class. Topics include autonomic nervous system agents, central nervous system agents, and cardiovascular drugs (4 credits)

BVS 254.2: General And Ocular Pharmacology

4 hours of lecture per week 
In this second quarter of pharmacology we present the pharmacology and toxicology of the individual agents in the remaining major drug class. Topics include; anti-coagulants, anti-hyperlipidemics, central nervous system agents, anesthetics, anti-infective agents, hormones and hormone antagonists, and drugs used in the treatment of pain. During the second half of the quarter we will begin discussing the specifics of ocular pharmacology beginning with the principles of ocular drug administration, and ocular pharmacokinetics and ending with the mydriatics and cycloplegics. (4 credits)

BVS 256: Ocular Pharmacology And Therapeutics

4 hours of lecture per week 
This course is the culmination of your pharmacology series and presents the clinical pharmacology of ocular diagnostic and therapeutic agents. Specific topics include: local anesthetics, control of ocular pain, anti-infective agents, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory agents. Adverse systemic reactions caused by ocular agents and adverse ocular reactions caused by systemic agents will also be presented. Ocular therapeutic principles, sources of drug information, new drug development, drug regulations and prescription writing will finish the course material. (4 credits)

BVS 266: Microbiology

1.5 hours of lecture per week
Microbiology is designed to provide a basic introduction to pathogenic microbiology. The course reviews the major pathogens of human disease, the processes by which these pathogens grow, reproduce, and cause disease, and how these pathogens are identified. Viral, bacterial, and eukaryotic pathogens are discussed. In addition, the impact of infectious disease on public health is also discussed with emphasis on current trends and resources. (1.5 credit)

BVS 390: Evidenced-Based Health Care

2 hours of lecture per week 
This course will build the students’ ability to educate their patients and their communities, and to use literature in evaluating and planning treatment for clinical cases that they will encounter as optometrists. The students will become acquainted with the many aspects of public health. An overview of how public health is measured and mechanisms to access the information will be covered. In addition, a review of research types will be presented to aid the student in reading some of the scientific literature. (1 credit)

BVS 403: Independent Study

This activity is designed to provide an exercise in professional-level clinical case study, literature review, and research. The student will learn the basics of researching a topic, analyzing the information gained, and writing a summary of the conclusions. All optometrists need to be able to analyze concepts presented, review the literature, and determine for themselves what they consider best for their patients. By developing these skills, the optometrist is in a better position to remain current in their knowledge throughout their career. (3 credits)

OCULAR DISEASE COURSES

OCD 213: Ocular Pathophysiology

3 hours of lecture 
This course covers the general processes of ocular physiology- the functions, properties, and activities of the human eye. This course will delve into basic clinical considerations and pave the way for more complex disease diagnosis and management in the later ocular disease sequence. Topics include: systemic hypertension, ocular adnexa, lacrimal apparatus, conjunctiva, cornea, lens, ocular fluid dynamics and the regulation of intraocular pressure, pupil dynamics, uveal tract, vitreous humor, optic nerve, and retinal physiology. (3 credits)

OCD 265.1: Anterior Segment I

3 hours of lecture and 1 hour of lab per week
Students will study the multidimensional aspects of ocular disease, such as the anatomical, histological, pathological, and physiological basis of disease processes. In the anterior segment track, lectures are presented based on specific areas of anterior segment ocular anatomy, including: the orbit, eyelids, lacrimal apparatus, sclera and episclera, cornea, iris and crystalline lens. The learning experiences will provide an understanding of mechanisms and patho-physiological relationships of ocular disease as well as ocular manifestations of systemic disease, including: allergy, dry eye, conjunctivitis, uveitis, and cataract. (3.5 credits)

OCD 265.2: Anterior Segment II

3 hours of lecture and 1 hour of lab per week
Continuation of Anterior Segment I (3.5 credits)

OCD 266.1: Glaucoma/Neuro-Eye I

1 hour of lecture per week and 1 hour of lab per week
Students will study the multidimensional aspects of ocular disease, such as the anatomical, histological, pathological, and physiological basis of disease processes. This track combines glaucoma and neuro-related eye diseases, presented in an alternating, and sometimes integrated, fashion. Initially, the basics of glaucoma are presented, including the pathophysiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and initial treatment aspects of the glaucomas. In addition, the topics of automated perimetry and optical coherence tomography are included. Later in the sequence, glaucoma will be revisited emphasizing treatment and management concepts for a more advanced approach to patients with open angle glaucoma, as well as introduce secondary forms of glaucoma. The neuro-eye disease portion of the track will cover common and compelling neuro-ophthalmic disorders encountered in practice, including: neuro-imaging, pupillary disorders, neurologic visual field defects, optic neuropathies, cranial neuropathies, cranial nerve testing, myasthenia gravis, thyroid eye disease, brainstem ocular motility disorders, nystagmus, cerebrovascular disease, and migraine. (1.5 credits)

OCD 266.2: Glaucoma/Neuro-Eye II

1 hour of lecture per week and 1 hour of lab per week
Continuation of Glaucoma/Neuro-Eye I. (1.5 credits)

OCD 360.1: Clinical Medicine

2 hours of lecture per week 
This course will provide students with a basic understanding of the more prevalent systemic disorders and their clinical presentations. Nomenclature, pathophysiology, and basic clinical signs and symptoms will be presented along with current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Special attention will be given to the counseling and education of those patients choosing to discuss or solicit advice from the optometric primary care provider. (2 credits)

OCD 360.2: Clinical Medicine II

2 hours of lecture per week 
This course is the second in the OCD 360 sequence. (2 credits)

OCD 366.1: Glaucoma/Neuro-Eye III

2 hour of lecture per week and 1 hour of lab per week
Continuation of Glaucoma/Neuro-Eye II. (2.5 credits)

OCD 366.2: Glaucoma/Neuro-Eye IV

2 hour of lecture per week and 1 hour of lab per week
Continuation of Glaucoma/Neuro-Eye III. (2.5 credits)

OCD 367.1: Retina I

2 hours of lecture and 1 hour of lab per week
Students will study the multidimensional aspects of ocular disease, such as the anatomical, histological, pathological, and physiological basis of disease processes. The retina track is a comprehensive overview of the common (and some less common) disorders affecting the posterior segment of the eye that may present in clinical practice. The topics include: ophthalmic ultrasonography, ocular coherence tomography, ocular fluorescein angiography, diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive disease, venous occlusive disease, arterial occlusive disease, proliferative retinopathies, hereditary retinal disease, posterior segment inflammatory disease, acquired macular disease, vitreoretinal disorders, peripheral retinal diseases/degenerations, phakomatoses, developmental vitreoretinal disorders, congenital optic nerve disorders, and ocular oncology. Pathophysiology of these topics will be covered. The clinical presentation, evaluation, and the management of these conditions will be emphasized. (2.5 credits)

OCD 367.2: Retina II

2 hours of lecture and 1 hour of lab per week
Continuation of Retina I. (2.5 credits)

OCD 361: Ocular Disease Seminar

1.5 hours of lecture per week
This capstone course of the ocular disease sequence will provide an integrated summary and application of the diagnosis and treatment/management of ocular disease. (1.5 credits)

OCD 363.4: General And Ocular Emergencies

2 hours of lecture per week 
This course presents commonly encountered medical and ocular emergencies. The initial lectures cover medical situations, which may be encountered in any clinical or nonclinical setting. These include sudden death, shock, airway obstruction, syncope, myocardial infarction, pulmonary edema, headache, seizure disorders, dizziness and vertigo, anaphylaxis, asthma and emphysema, hyperventilation, diabetic emergencies, and minor trauma. Assessment and management of these disorders will be highlighted. The remaining majority of lectures then discuss emergency protocol as well as diagnosis and management of common ocular urgencies and emergencies. Topics include blunt trauma, penetrating trauma, anterior segment and corneal disease, red eye, foreign bodies, acute glaucoma, posterior segment and retinal disease, sudden vision loss, and ophthalmic manifestations of systemic disease. (2 credits)

OCD 368: Injections And Minor Surgical Procedures

1.5 hours of lecture, 0.5 hours of laboratory per week
The injections portion of this course is a comprehensive overview of injection procedures for optometric practice, including injectable medications, side effects, complications, and patient education. Additionally, OSHA guidelines are highlighted, as well as the necessary instruments and supplies needed to perform injectable procedures. The associated laboratory consists of video presentations that demonstrate basic skills for injections as well as individual injection techniques. Covered procedures will include intravenous, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intradermal, subconjunctival, and intralesional injections. The minor surgical procedures portion is a comprehensive overview of surgical procedures for optometric practice, including introduction to surgical instruments, structure, function, and care of common periocular skin lesions, local anesthesia, chalazion management, radiofrequency surgery, incision making, biopsy, post-operative wound care, and suturing. An associated lab will give participants hands-on experience with minor surgical procedures. (2 credits)

OCD 369: Ophthalmic Lasers

0.5 hours of lecture, 0.5 hours of laboratory per week
Refractive and medical lasers are an important consideration in the practice and referral patterns of the primary care optometrist. Optometrists who perform and/or co-manage laser procedures can play a critical role in ensuring successful surgical outcomes by: assessing patient candidacy, facilitating the pre-operative examination, providing patient education, recommending specific procedures, and providing post-operative care. In certain states with laser privileges, optometrists may also be the ones performing the laser surgical procedures. There are currently three states (Oklahoma, Kentucky & Louisiana) where certain anterior segment laser procedures are within the scope of optometric practice and more states are examining adding these privileges each year. This course will review basic laser physics and safety, laser-ocular tissue interactions, and medicolegal considerations in laser surgical procedures. Refractive surgery procedures that are commonly co-managed by optometry will be presented, with special attention to those procedures approved for performance by certified optometric surgeons in select states. The course will also review co-management procedures for refractive surgery such as pre-operative testing, candidacy, indications/contraindications, complications and post-operative care. A hands-on refractive surgery wet lab will be held in conjunction with doctors and staff from TLC Laser Eye Centers. This course will also focus on medical lasers used in anterior segment procedures such as argon laser trabeculoplasty, selective laser trabeculoplasty, posterior capsulotomy, and peripheral iridotomy. Since gonioscopy skills are vital to the performance of some of these procedures, both gonioscopy itself and interpretation and documentation of the angle structures will be reviewed in both lecture and lab. There will also be laboratory time devoted to hands-on use of all the medical lasers, including performance of simulated procedures on model eyes. (1 credit)

PATIENT CARE EDUCATION COURSES

PCE 190.1 – Clinical Assistant Program (Primary Eyecare) I

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
The Clinical Assistant Program (CAP) provides first professional year students with their initial opportunity to interact with patients, student clinicians and faculty members in the Primary Eye Care Service of the Illinois Eye Institute (IEI). CAP students assist third and fourth year student clinicians throughout a patient encounter by recording data, escorting patients within the IEI for special testing and scheduling appointments. A significant focus of this program is incorporating performance of technical skills up to a real-time level of preclinical training under the direct supervision of a student clinician with more clinical experience. Objectives of this program include gaining familiarity with IEI and its various departments, gaining proficiency with the EHR system, begin performing clinical skills on IEI patients, developing effective communication with both patients and attending doctors, increasing professional responsibilities and ultimately preparing the student for direct patient care experiences during the second professional year.

PCE 190.2 – Clinical Assistant Program (Primary Eyecare) II

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
Continuation of PCE 190.1

PCE 280.1 – Patient Care Program (Primary Eyecare) I

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
This clinical program provides second professional year students with a primary care patient care slot for one half of every quarter throughout their second professional year. A third of the way through the second year, students are able to complete all the examination techniques required to perform a comprehensive eye examination and they are now able to work more independently with their attending faculty member to examine patients in Illinois Eye Institute's Primary Eye Care Service.

PCE 280.2 – Patient Care Program (Primary Eyecare) II

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
Continuation of PCE 280.1

PCE 280.3 -Patient Care Program (Primary Eyecare) III

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
Continuation of PCE 280.2

PCE 283 – Eyewear Center I

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
This course is designed to bridge the learning experiences from the Ophthalmic Optics Laboratory to the clinical experiences in the Eyewear Center with supervision. Instruction is focused on the practical skills of frame, lenses, and coatings selection; frame repair and adjustments; lensometry; and troubleshooting for asthenopic patients. Emphasis is placed on improving the accuracy of pupillary distance, segment height, base curve and boxing system measurements. Students hone their patient education skills by explaining eyeglasses options; giving dispensing instructions; and clarifying insurance benefits.

PCE 371 – Specialty Rotation (Advanced Eyecare)

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
This clinical rotation emphasizes the diagnosis and management of patients with ocular pathology. Particular emphasis is given to patients with multiple, complicated and advanced stages of disease. The majority of patients are referred to the service from other IEI services for laser and surgical intervention. Students have the opportunity to observe as well as play an important role in the pre- and post-operative management of these patients. Students in the service may rotate though any of the following sub-specialty services: Comprehensive ophthalmology, Cornea and External Disease, Glaucoma service, Vitreo-Retinal service, Neuro-Ophthalmic service, Emergency Eye Service, Visual Fields, and Electrophysiology service.

PCE 372 – Specialty Rotation (Vision Rehabilitation)

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
This rotation provides students with clinical and patient management skills needed to provide comprehensive eye care for persons with visual impairments. The Low Vision Rehabilitation Services encompasses care for those whose loss of functional vision has impaired their ability to use vision for a variety of daily living and working skills. Student clinicians learn how to provide services that focus on maximizing patients’ use of their remaining vision for the purpose of enhancing overall quality of life. Management may include low vision optical devices, accessory devices, adaptive technology, specialized training and referral to appropriate agencies/services. The Vision Rehabilitation Service provides an ideal setting to further refine the students’ knowledge in ocular pathology. Student clinicians additionally gain some experience with making appropriate referrals for psychosocial counseling, orientation and mobility training, vocational rehabilitation, special educators, ancillary medical services, and benefits casework.

PCE 373 – Specialty Rotation (Cornea / Contact Lens)

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
This course initiates the development of contact lens and corneal pathology clinical techniques and skills following the optometry curriculum. The diagnosis and management of refractive, functional and ocular disease will be emphasized. Students will be expected through direct care to successfully fit and evaluate soft spherical lenses, as well as demonstrate working knowledge of both soft toric and soft multifocal lens options. Discussion time will focus on entry to practice topics with additional advanced topics when time permits.

PCE 374 – Specialty Rotation (Pediatrics / Binocular Vision)

4 hours of patient care per week for half quarter
This clinic rotation introduces third year clinicians to the diagnosis and management of pediatric and binocular vision patients. Students will gain exposure primarily through observations and a limited amount of direct care examination of infants, toddlers, preschoolers, patients with developmental disabilities, visual information processing function, strabismus/amblyopia, and binocular vision efficiency. It also includes observation of vision therapy for binocular problems, strabismus/amblyopia, visual information processing deficiencies, and visual development enhancement.

PCE 380.1 – Patient Care Program (Primary Eyecare) IV

1 hour lecture and 8 hours of patient care per week
This series of courses continue the development of primary eye care clinical techniques and skills in a practical clinical setting. Students are enrolled throughout the entire third year. The diagnosis and management of related eye disorders, including refractive, functional and ocular disease within a patient care setting will be emphasized. Primary care conference and clinical case discussions will help to incorporate advanced diagnostic and therapeutic clinical techniques and topics into the student clinician’s experience. This experience is designed to enable students to refine their diagnostic, therapeutic and communication skills, through interaction with a diverse patient population.

PCE 380.2 – Patient Care Program (Primary Eyecare) V

1 hour lecture and 8 hours of patient care per week
Continuation of PCE 380.1

PCE 380.3 – Patient Care Program (Primary Eyecare) VI

1 hour lecture and 8 hours of patient care per week
Continuation of PCE 380.2

PCE 380.4 – Patient Care Program (Primary Eyecare) VII

1 hour lecture and 8 hours of patient care per week
Continuation of PCE 380.3

PCE 382 – Community-Based Patient Care (CPS)

1 hour lecture and 8 hours of patient care per week
All third year students are required to rotate for one quarter through a community based facility which provides comprehensive eye exams, disease screening and vision therapy for thousands of school aged children in the City of Chicago.

PCE 383 – Eyewear Center II

4 hours of patient care per week
Continuation of PCE 283

PCE 481 – IEI Patient Care Rotation

40 hours of patient care per week
The fourth year patient care sequence builds upon the previous primary and specialty eye care experiences by incorporating advanced diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. Students obtain experience in all aspects of optometric care, including advanced ophthalmic care, cornea and contact lenses, low vision rehabilitation, pediatric optometry and binocular vision, primary care, and urgent care during externship rotations at the Illinois Eye Institute. This rotation includes weekly conferences to supplement the patient care experience.

PCE 485 – VA/Hospital-Based Externship Rotation

40 hours of patient care per week
All fourth year students are required to spend one quarter in a Veterans Administration Medical Center / Outpatient Center or in a Hospital Based setting primarily dedicated to the delivery of both primary eyecare and ocular disease services. Students attend weekly grand rounds conferences provided by residents and attending doctors to supplement their patient care experience.
 

PCE 491 – Specialty Externship Rotation

40 hours of patient care per week
All fourth year students are required to spend one quarter off campus in a location primarily dedicated to providing comprehensive primary eye care services, including basic contact lens fittings. They will be exposed to the workings of running an office, including staffing, marketing and billing and coding issues.

PCE 492 – Specialty Externship Rotation

40 hours of patient care per week
All fourth year students are required to spend one quarter in a location primarily dedicated to the delivery of specialty optometric services such as complex contact lenses, pediatrics and binocular vision, low vision rehabilitation or ocular disease.

PRIMARY OPTOMETRIC PRACTICE COURSES

POP 162.1: Clinical Methods And Procedures I

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This three credit hour course introduces the first year optometry student to the comprehensive eye examination, specifically those introductory skills necessary to serve as a clinical assistant in patient care, including automated testing. Proficiency will be developed in visual acuity measurement, entrance testing, and lensometry. The student will also develop data analysis and interpretation skills. This course also introduces the student to the concepts of database and problem-related testing. In this regard, the course emphasizes identification of appropriate entrance testing to screen for disorders of refraction, functional vision and ocular health.  This is the first of a five-course sequence that prepares students for their initial patient care experiences within the Illinois Eye Institute. The course sequence is cumulative, and each course in the series presumes a grasp of the topics and skills presented in the previous courses. The concepts presented here form a foundation for each student’s clinical education, as well as his/her future career in optometry. (3 credits)

POP 162.2: Clinical Methods And Procedures II

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This three credit hour course builds upon the clinical skills acquired during the first quarter of the first professional year. Clinical Methods and Procedures II continues to focus attention on the acquisition of new technical skills by introducing the fundamental clinical techniques that are part of a refraction sequence. Lecture topics include: ophthalmometry (keratometry), static streak retinoscopy, manifest refraction (short subjective/monocular subjective refraction), ocular dominance and binocular balance (accommodation balance), duochrome balance (red-green, bichrome balance), refraction analysis, and spectacle prescription guidelines. This course concludes with basic spectacle prescription guidelines for myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia. At the end of this course, a student will be able to complete a refractive sequence on a patient and formulate a spectacle correction suggestion. (3 credits)

POP 162.3: Clinical Methods And Procedures III

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
Clinical Methods and Procedures III is the third course in a series of five courses during the first two years of the professional program. This course builds upon the clinical skills acquired during the first two quarters of the first professional year and is designed to prepare the student for initial clinical interactions within the Illinois Eye Institute. Clinical Methods and Procedures III introduces fundamental clinical techniques that are part of a near visual system analysis. Lecture topics include assessment of the binocular visual system and the accommodative system. The course continues to focus attention on the acquisition of new technical skills but also emphasizes the integration of these skills into an examination sequence. The normative values for database tests will be presented as well as the indications for pursuing problem-related testing. Assessment and diagnosis will be reviewed. (3 credits)

POP 262.1: Clinical Methods And Procedures IV

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This is the fourth course in the Clinical Methods and Procedures sequence. The primary purpose of the sequence is to prepare students for their clinical experiences within the Illinois Eye Institute. This course introduces the second year optometry student to the requisite clinical techniques needed to complete the ocular health portion of a comprehensive eye examination. Skills introduced include slit lamp biomicroscopy, tonometry, binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, biomicroscopic indirect ophthalmoscopy and gonioscopy. Proper technique for measuring blood pressure is also introduced. (3 credits)

POP 262.2: Clinical Methods And Procedures Seminar

1 hour of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This is the fifth and final course in the Clinical Methods and Procedures sequence. This course is designed to introduce new clinical skills, review and enhance existing clinical skills and improve clinical thinking and case analysis. New skills include enhanced binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy techniques, 4-mirror gonioscopy, and undilated indirect biomicroscopy.  Emphasis will be placed on full synthesis of the clinical techniques presented throughout the Clinical Methods and Procedures sequence in order to provide final preparation for entering third year clinical rotations in the Illinois Eye Institute. Clinical case analysis, test selection and assessment and plan writing will be reviewed. This course is cumulative and knowledge learned throughout the Clinical Methods and Procedures sequence is necessary. The laboratory portion of this course will provide an opportunity for the student to review, synthesize and expand on knowledge and skills with faculty supervision and feedback. The laboratory culminates with a comprehensive assessment of skills learned throughout the entire five course sequence. (2 credits)

POP 270.1: Ophthalmic Optics I

4 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course is the first of two, which considers the optics of optical equipment, ophthalmic lenses, and the relationship between ophthalmic lenses and the eye. Students will explore spectacle frame types, measurements, selection, alignment, modification and repair. Lens types will be introduced with an emphasis on materials and designs. The laboratory is designed as a practical setting for the application of techniques in lens selection, frame selection and the delivery of these materials to a clinical patient with an emphasis on the ophthalmic materials meeting the patient’s visual needs. (5 credits)

POP 270.2: Ophthalmic Optics II

3 hours of lecture per week 
This course is the second of two in the study of the optics and clinical use of ophthalmic equipment including spectacles, contact lenses and examination instruments. Students will explore characteristics of ophthalmic lenses including curvature, thickness, prism and lens design. The design of spectacles for high prescriptions and anisometropia will be discussed. The course concludes with the optics of ophthalmic instruments and an overview of dispensary management. (3 credits)

SPECIALTY OPTOMETRIC PRACTICE COURSES

SOP 262.4: Introduction To Binocular Anomalies

1 hour of lecture per week
This course introduces and expands on the common forms of analysis for non-strabismic binocular vision disorders used in an optometric examination. Topics to be covered include Integrative Analysis, Graphical Analysis, Morgan’s and OEP Analysis, Near Point Stress and Control Systems Analysis, and Percival’s and Sheard’s Criteria. Discussion of alternative binocular techniques for the clinical management of refractive errors will be included. Mastery of case analysis will be encouraged with application to commonly encountered clinical scenarios. (1 credit)

SOP 265.1: Contact Lenses I

4 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week 
About 122 million people worldwide use contact lenses as their primary means of vision correction. This course will teach you how to prescribe the most commonly used types of contact lenses. Entry-level information will be provided via lecture, laboratory venues, and through independent learning. The goal of the course is to make the student familiar with the prescription and management of soft and rigid contact lenses for the correction of myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, presbyopia, and therapeutics. Practice management techniques related to contact lenses care will be included in this patient orientated course. (5 credits)

SOP 267: Vision Rehabilitation

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This is an entry level course, which presents the fundamental knowledge of clinical low vision care and rehabilitation necessary to perform basic low vision examinations during clinical rotations, and in a practice setting after graduation. Clinical examination techniques, optics of low vision devices, applications of low vision devices, low vision training, rehabilitative and psychosocial aspects of low vision care, and low vision treatment associated with specific disease processes will be covered. (3 credits)

SOP 365.2: Contact Lenses II

2 hours of lecture, 2 hour of laboratory per week
The second course in contact lenses emphasizes the application of specialty lens modalities. This course reviews indications, care, handling, approaches to fitting, and availability of designs and parameters in specialty lenses. Subject matter includes applications for myopia control, high ametropia, and irregular corneas. Designs discussed include specialty corneal, limbal, and scleral GP lenses, as well as hybrid and specialty soft lenses. The laboratory will provide hands-on fittings of a variety of lens designs, allowing students the opportunity to review proper handling and evaluation techniques unique to specialty lenses. A large, hands-on evaluation session is also part of the course, so that students may interact with several patients wearing a variety of different specialty lenses. (3 credits)

SOP 375: Binocular Vision Disorders

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course covers treatment strategies and patient management for non-strabismic binocular disorders. A problem-oriented approach is used to present treatment procedures for oculomotor, accommodative, sensory, and vergence problems. Students will learn how lenses, prisms, and vision therapy are used to alleviate symptoms. The laboratory covers common visual therapy techniques for the treatment of these visual efficiency disorders. (3 credits)

SOP 376.1: Strabismus And Amblyopia I

3 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course emphasizes the detection, measurement, classification, and etiology of strabismus and amblyopia. An organized approach to a comprehensive evaluation is presented and includes the assessment of associated anomalies such as eccentric fixation, suppression, anomalous correspondence, and noncomitancy. The laboratory portion of the course is designed to familiarize students with testing procedures and includes diagnostic examination of patients manifesting such conditions. (4 credits)

SOP 376.2: Strabismus And Amblyopia II

3 hours of lecture per week 
This course presents theoretical and clinical considerations in the management of common forms of strabismus and amblyopia including the rationale and methods for using lenses, prisms, occlusion, vision therapy, medication, and surgery. Students will learn specific strategies for the treatment of strabismus, amblyopia, and associated anomalies including eccentric fixation and anomalous correspondence. Students will also analyze individual patients’ cases, particularly their therapeutic programs. (3 credits)

SOP 379: Infant & Child Development And Management

2 hours of lecture, 2 hours of laboratory per week
This course emphasizes the diagnosis and management of children at risk for developing ocular, visual, vision and learning, and/or visual perceptual abnormalities that adversely affect the individual’s quality of life. This at-risk population includes infants, toddlers, pre-school, and school-aged children. Optometric and Visual Information Processing assessment strategies will be presented using lectures, Internet access, and case based learning. (3 credits)

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