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Barclay W. Bakkum, DC, PhD

Associate Professor of Biological Sciences

Barclay W.




Why ICO?

Having been associated with other places of higher education, I can honestly say that ICO is a really nice place! The people are wonderful, and the culture is top rate. I hold myself to a high standard in most everything that I do (especially professionally), and I enjoy working at a place that also holds itself to a high standard. If someone wants to become an excellent optometrist, this is the place to do it.


Dr. Barclay W. Bakkum grew up in the small town of Manchester, Iowa, and got his undergraduate degree from Wartburg College in Waverly, Iowa. He received his chiropractic degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic in Davenport, Iowa. After several busy years in private practice in Charles City, Iowa, Dr. Bakkum decided he wanted to teach and do research, so he went back to graduate school. Dr. Bakkum received his PhD in anatomy and cell biology with an emphasis on neuroscience from the University of Illinois at Chicago. He taught anatomy for 15 years at the National College of Chiropractic (now known as the National University of Health Sciences) in the western suburbs of Chicago. In 2005, Dr. Bakkum came to ICO, where he teaches gross anatomy, microscopic anatomy (formerly known as histology) and neuroanatomy/neurophysiology. Dr. Bakkum lives in the western suburbs with his wife and their two children.

Special Interests

Chiropractic, anatomy, optometric issues related to concussion, neural plasticity


1990 University of Illinois at Chicago, PhD
1981 Palmer College of Chiropractic, DC
1978 Wartburg College, BA


2005-present Illinois College of Optometry
1990-2005 National College of Chiropractic (now National University of Health Sciences)
1981-1985 Breitbach Chiropractic Office

Awards & Honors

2004 Guide to America’s Top Chiropractors
1996, 2002 Who’s Who Among American Teachers
1995 National College of Chiropractic, Faculty Development Award
1989 University of Illinois at Chicago, Graduate College Fellow

Professional Organizations

Society for Neuroscience
Association for the History of Chiropractic
American Chiropractic Association


Bakkum BW, Chapman C. Barriers to full-text publication of abstracts presented at the 2008 Association of Chiropractic Colleges/Research Agenda Conference meeting. J Chiropr Educ 2014; 28: 56.

Bakkum BW, Chapman C. Publication rates of abstracts presented at the Association of Chiropractic Colleges Educational Conference/Research Agenda Conference from 2002 to 2008. J Chiropr Educ 2014; 28: 32-40.

Bakkum, BW. Surface anatomy of the back and vertebral levels of clinically important structures. In: Basic and Clinical Anatomy of the Spine, Spinal Cord, and ANS. 3rd ed., GD Cramer, S Darby, eds Chicago: Mosby-Yearbook; 2014.

Bakkum BW, Henderson CNR, Hong S-P, Cramer GD. Preliminary morphologic evidence that vertebral hypomobility induces synaptic plasticity in the spinal cord. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2007;30(5):336

Bakkum BW. Gross anatomy lab manual – spine & extremities lab. Huron Valley, Ann Arbor, MI, 2009

Bakkum BW, Bakkum Nolan D. The fountain head chiropractic hospital: the dream that almost came true. J Chiro Humanities 2010;17(1):47-54.

Bakkum BW, Fan L, Pandey SC, Cohen RS. Heterogeneity of dose and time effects of estrogen on neuron-specific neuronal protein (NeuN) and phosphorylated cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (pCREB) in the hippocampus of ovariectomized rats. J Neurosci Res 2011;89:883

Bakkum BW. A historical lesson from Franciscus Sylvius and Jacobus Sylvius. J Chiro Humanities, 18:94-98, 2011

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