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Kelly A. Frantz, OD, FAAO, FCOVD

Professor of Optometry

Kelly A.




Why ICO?

ICO provides an excellent clinical as well as didactic education to its students. Our patient population is diverse and very challenging, affording a wonderful training opportunity for students as they care for patients. Our faculty members are very approachable and truly enjoy teaching. Our student body is diverse and enthusiastic about learning as well as participating in the many extra-curricular activities ICO offers. I personally have found ICO to be a welcoming, professional environment that challenges both students and faculty to continue learning. I am happy to have served on the ICO faculty for more than 30 years.


Dr. Frantz graduated from the Pennsylvania College of Optometry in 1985, where she also completed a residency in pediatrics and binocular vision. She joined the ICO faculty in 1986, and currently serves as attending faculty in the Pediatric/Binocular Vision Service. She teaches several courses at ICO on binocular vision disorders and their treatment. Dr. Frantz holds the designation of Diplomate, Binocular Vision, Perception & Pediatric Optometry in the American Academy of Optometry. She is a Fellow of the College of Optometrists in Vision Development and was the 2013 recipient of the organization’s A.M. Skeffington Award for her contributions to optometric research and publication. She is also continuing education coordinator for the Fellowship of Christian Optometrists, International, and faculty advisor to the FCO student chapter at ICO. Dr. Frantz has taught optometric continuing education courses at state, national and international meetings. Her publications include research studies, review articles, case reports, and textbook chapters on binocular vision testing and treatment, applications of prisms in binocular vision, and evaluation of children’s vision.

Special Interests

Binocular vision, strabismus, vision therapy, pediatrics


1986 Pennsylvania College of Optometry, Pediatrics and Binocular Vision Residency
1985 Pennsylvania College of Optometry, OD
1982 Pennsylvania College of Optometry, BSVS
1981  Pennsylvania State University, AS


1986-present Illinois College of Optometry

Awards & Honors

2013 A.M. Skeffington Award, College of Optometrists in Vision Development
2010 ICO Alumni Association Excellence in Education Award for Faculty
2001, 1998  Best article award, Journal of Optometric Vision Development
1990 Noteworthy Educator Award, Beta Sigma Kappa
1985 Valedictorian, Pennsylvania College of Optometry

Professional Organizations

Fellow, American Academy of Optometry

Diplomate, Binocular Vision, Perception & Pediatric Optometry, American Academy of Optometry

Member, Illinois Chapter American Academy of Optometry

Fellow, College of Optometrists in Vision Development

Member, American Optometric Association

Member, Illinois Optometric Association

Leadership team, Fellowship of Christian Optometrists (A specialty section of the Christian Medical & Dental Associations)

Member, Beta Sigma Kappa Optometric Honor Fraternity


Pang Y, Allen M, Robinson J, Frantz KA. Contrast sensitivity of amblyopic eyes in children with myopic anisometropia. Clin Exp Optom 2019; 102: 57-62. DOI:10.1111/cxo.12817.

Pang Y, Frantz KA. Comparison of Heidelberg Retina Tomograph with disc-macula distance to disc diameter ratio in diagnosing optic nerve hypoplasia. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2016; 36: 317–323.

Pang Y, Frantz KA, Roberts DK. Association of refractive error with optic nerve hypoplasia. Ophthal Physiol Opt 2015; 35: 570-576.

Pang Y, Frantz KA, Block S, Goodfellow GG, Allison, C. Effect of amblyopia treatment on macular thickness in eyes with myopic anisometropic amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2015; 56: 2677-2683.

Pang Y, Gabriel H, Frantz KA. Effect of near work on binocular vision measurements in young adults with convergence insufficiency. Optom Vis Perf 2015; 3(1): 27-31.

Frantz KA, Pang Y. Relative amblyopia secondary to anisometropia in a patient with ipsilateral optic nerve hypoplasia. Optom Vis Perf 2014; 2(6): 297-301.

Frantz K, Otteson K. Vision therapy management for intermittent hypertropia with exotropia. Optom Vis Perf 2014; 2(2): 79-82.

Frantz KA, Pang Y. A case of amblyopia with contralateral optic nerve hypoplasia. Clin Exp Optom 2013; 96: 500-503.

Pang Y, Frantz KA, Schlange DG. Vision therapy management for dissociated horizontal deviation. Optom Vis Sci 2012; 89(11): e72-e77.

Pang Y, Allison C, Frantz KA, Block S, Goodfellow GW. A prospective pilot study of treatment outcomes for amblyopic associated with myopic anisometropia. Arch Ophthalmol 2012; 130(5): 579-584.

Frantz KA, Elston P, Michalik E, Templeman CD, Zoltoski RK. Comparison of fixation disparity measured by Saladin card and Disparometer. Optom Vis Sci 2011; 88: 733-741.

Pang Y, Goodfellow GW, Allison C, Block S, Frantz KA. A Prospective Study of Macular Thickness in Amblyopic Children with Unilateral High Myopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2011; 52:2444-2449.

Pang Y, Gabriel H, Frantz KA, Saeed F. A Prospective Study of Different Test Targets for the Near Point of Convergence. Ophthal Physiol Opt 2010; 30:298-303.

Cotter SA, Frantz KA. Therapeutic uses of prism for binocular vision disorders. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. Duane’s Clinical Ophthalmology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2009.

Pang Y, Frantz KA. Value of the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph in Optic Nerve Hypoplasia. Optom Vis Sci 2008; 85: 508-511.

Daugherty KM, Frantz KA, Allison CL, Gabriel HM. Evaluating changes in quality of life after vision therapy using the COVD quality of life outcomes assessment. Optom Vis Dev 2007; 38: 75-81.

Girgis NM, Frantz KA. A case of primary congenital glaucoma: A diagnostic dilemma. Optometry 2007; 78: 167-175. Hunter MA, Frantz KA. Bilateral Marcus Gunn jaw-winking in a child with developmental delay. Optom Vis Dev 2005; 36: 41-44.

Winters JE, Frantz KA, Kern RM. Accommodative and vergence difficulties interfering with image clarity through a binocular indirect ophthalmoscope. Optom Vis Sci 2004; 81: 260-267.

Scheiman M, Gallaway M, Frantz KA, Peters RJ, Hatch S, Cuff M, Mitchell GL. Nearpoint of convergence: Test procedure, target selection, and normative data. Optom Vis Sci 2003; 80: 214-225.

Lorenzana IJ, Frantz KA. Optometric co-management of a traumatic brain injury patient. J Cog Rehabil 2001; 19(3): 6-10.

Winters JE, Frantz KA. Optometry students’ perceptions of observing clinical care. Optom Educ 2001; 26: 115-118.

Frantz KA. Management of esotropia using multiple modalities. J Optom Vis Dev 2001; 32: 15-21.

Frantz KA, Ingelse J, Lorentz S. Binocular test findings associated with difficulty fusing images in the slit lamp. J Optom Vis Dev 2000; 31: 23-28.

Frantz KA. Prescribing relieving prism for patients with binocular vision disorders. J Optom Vis Dev 1997; 28: 54-67.

Benavides JO, Satchell ER, Frantz KA. Efficacy of a mydriatic spray in the pediatric population. Optom Vis Sci 1997; 74: 160-163.

Cotter SA, Frantz KA. Strabismus: detection, diagnosis, and classification. In: Moore B, ed. Eye Care for Infants and Young Children. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997: 123-154.

Frantz KA, Cotter SA. Idiosyncrasies of measuring with prism. In: Cotter SA, ed. Clinical Uses of Prism: A Spectrum of Applications. St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1995: 41-57.

Cotter SA, Frantz KA. Practical considerations in prism implementation. In: Cotter SA, ed. Clinical Uses of Prism: A Spectrum of Applications. St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1995: 59-85.

Frantz KA, Peters RJ, Maino DM, Gunderson GG. Effect of resisting tonometry on intraocular pressure. J Am Optom Assoc 1994; 65:732-736.

Frantz KA, Cotter SA, Wick B. Re-evaluation of the four prism diopter base-out test. Optom Vis Sci 1992; 69:777-786.

Cotter SA, Frantz KA. Prescribing prism for vertical deviations. Problems in Optometry 1992; 4:629-645.

Frantz KA, Cotter SA, Brown WL, Motameni M. Erroneous findings in polarized testing caused by plastic prisms. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 1990; 27:259 264.

Frantz KA. The importance of using multiple treatment modalities in a case of divergence excess. J Am Optom Assoc 1990; 61:457 462.

Frantz KA, Scharre JE. Comparison of fixation disparity curves as measured with and without the phoropter. Optom Vis Sci 1990; 67:117 122.

Scheiman M, Herzberg H, Frantz K, Margolies M. A normative study of step vergence in elementary schoolchildren. J Am Optom Assoc 1989; 60:276 280.

Scheiman M, Herzberg H, Frantz K, Margolies M. Normative study of accommodative facility in elementary schoolchildren. Am J Optom Physiol Opt 1988; 65:127 134.

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